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الأحد، 13 نوفمبر، 2011

مصطلحات المواريثInheritance Terms

المواريث

‏آباء شتى‏
Different fathers
‏آل‏
To return
To become
‏آية الفرائض‏
‏الآية التي ذكرت في القرآن تتحدث عن الفرائض‏
The Qur'anic verse on inheritance
‏أب‏
Father
‏أبوة‏
Fatherhood
Paternity
‏أجداد‏
Grandfathers
‏أحفاد‏
Grandchildren
‏أحق‏
More entitled
‏أحكام الميراث‏
Laws of inheritance
‏أحوال الميراث‏
Cases of inheritance
‏أخ‏
Brother of the deceased
‏أخ بالرضاعة‏
‏الذي صار أخا لابن الأم المرضعة بالرضاعة منها‏
Brother by suckling
‏أخ شقيق‏
‏من نفس الأم والأب‏
Full brother
‏أخ غير شقيق‏
‏من الأب فقط أو الأم فقط‏
Half brother
‏أخ لأب‏
Paternal brother
‏أخ لأم‏
Maternal brother
‏أخ من أي الجهات‏
‏سواء أخ لأم، أخ لأب، أخ شقيق‏
Consanguine or uterine brother
‏أخت‏
Sister of the deceased
‏أخت الأب‏
Paternal aunt
‏أخت الأب الشقيقة‏
Full paternal aunt
‏أُختُ الأُمِّ الشَّقِيقَةُ‏
Full maternal aunt
‏أُختُ الأُمِّ الغَيرُ شَقِيقَةٍ‏
Half maternal aunt
‏أُختٌ بِالرَّضَاعَةِ‏
Sister by suckling
‏أُختٌ شَقِيقَةٌ‏
Full sister
‏أُختٌ غَيرُ شَقِيقَةٍ‏
Half sister
‏أُختٌ لِأَبٍ‏
Paternal sister
‏أُختٌ لِأُمٍّ‏
Maternal sister
‏أَدِلَّةُ الإِرثِ‏
‏مَصَادِرُ تَشرِيعِ الإِرثِ سَوَاءٌ القُرآنُ أَو السُّنَّةُ‏
Proofs of inheritance
‏أَرَاضِي‏
Lands
‏أَرشَدُ الأُسرَةِ‏
‏الأَكثَرُ رَشَادًا وَعَقلًا فِي الأُسرَةِ‏
The eldest adult child in the family
‏أَسبَابُ الإِرثِ‏
Causes of inheritance
‏أَسبَابُ العَصَبَةِ‏
Reasons of consanguinity
‏أَسبَابُ المِيرَاثِ‏
Causes of inheritance
‏أَصحَابُ الرَّدِّ‏
Heirs of surplus redistribution
‏أَصحَابُ الفُرُوضِ‏
‏هُم الوَرَثَةُ الَّذِينَ حَدَّدَ القُرآنُ الكَرِيمُ أَو السُّنَّةُ
النَّبَوِيَّةُ أَو إِجمَاعُ الفُقَهَاءِ نَصِيبَهُم فِي التَّرِكَةِ‏
Heirs of shares prescribed by the Holy Qur'an
‏أَصلُ المَسأَلَةِ‏
‏هُوَ أَقَلُّ عَدَدٍ يُمكِنُ أَن تُؤخَذَ مِنهُ سِهَامُ الوَرَثَةِ بِدُونِ كُسُورٍ‏
Original number of shares : The minimum integer that can be divided without fractions
‏أَصلٌ وَفَرعٌ‏
‏الأَصلُ هُم الأَبُ وَالأُمُّ، وَالفَرعُ هُم الأَبنَاءُ وَالبَنَاتُ‏
Ascendant and descendant heirs of the deceased
‏أُصُولٌ‏
‏كَالأَبِ وَالجَدِّ‏
Ancestors
Forefathers
‏أُصُولُ المَيِّتِ‏
Ancestors of the deceased
‏أَعقَبَ‏
To beget
To have offspring
‏أَقَارِبُ‏
Relatives
Kinsmen
‏أَقَلُّ مِنهُم دَرَجَةً‏
To be in a lower hereditary degree than them
‏أُمٌّ‏
Mother of the deceased
‏أُمٌّ بِالرَّضَاعَةِ‏
‏مَن تَمَّ رَضَاعُ المِقدَارِ المُحَرَّمِ مِن لَبَنِهَا‏
Mother by suckling
‏أُمَّهَاتٌ شَتَّى‏
‏أُمَّهَاتٌ مُختَلِفَةٌ‏
Different mothers
‏أَنوَاعُ الوَصِيَّةِ‏
Kinds of wills
‏أَوصَى‏
‏كَتَبَ وَصِيَّةً‏
To bequeath
To give by will
To transfer by will
‏إِثبَاتُ الوَفَاةِ‏
‏التَّأَكُّدُ مِن وَفَاةِ الشَّخصِ‏
Ascertainment of death
‏إِخَاءٌ‏
Brotherhood
‏إِخوَةٌ أَشِقَّاءُ‏
‏مِن أَبٍ وَاحِدٍ وَأُمٍّ وَاحِدَةٍ‏
Full brothers

إِذَا اِجتَمَعَ الأَبُ مَعَ البِنتِ‏
‏حَالَةٌ مِن حَالَاتِ مِيرَاثِ الأَبِ، إِذَا مَاتَ شَخصٌ وَتَرَكَ أَبًا وَبِنتًا اِجتَمَعُوا فِي المِيرَاثِ‏
When the deceased leaves a father and a daughter
‏إِذَا اِجتَمَعَ الجَدُّ العَصَبِيُّ مَعَ الأَخِ الشَّقِيقِ‏
‏مَاتَ شَخصٌ وَتَرَكَ جَدًّا وَأَخًا شَقِيقًا اِجتَمَعُوا فِي المِيرَاثِ‏
When the deceased leaves a consanguine grandfather and a full brother
‏إِذَا تَحَقَّقَت حَيَاةُ المَولُودِ‏
‏إِذَا ثَبَتَت حَيَاتُهُ‏
When the newborn baby is verified to be alive
‏إِذَا حُكِمَ بِمَوتِ المَفقُودِ‏
When the lost person is judged to be dead
‏إِرثٌ‏
‏مَا يُخلِفُهُ المَيِّتُ لِوَرَثَتِهِ مِن مَالٍ وَغَيرِهِ‏
Inheritance
‏إِصَابَةُ المُكَاتَبِ مِيرَاثًا‏
The inheritance of Al-Mukatab
‏إِضرَارُ المُوصِي بِالوَرَثَةِ‏
A testator harming his inheritors
‏ابنٌ‏
Son of the deceased
‏اِبنُ أَخٍ مُدلِي‏
Son of a brother, however low
‏اِبنُ الأَخِ‏
Son of a brother

‏اِبنُ الأُختِ‏
Son of a sister
‏اِبنُ الِابنِ‏
Grandson
‏اِبنُ البِنتِ‏
Son of a daughter
‏اِبنُ خَالٍ شَقِيقٍ‏
Son of a full maternal uncle
‏اِبنُ عَمٍّ شَقِيقٍ‏
Son of a full paternal uncle
‏اِبنُ عَمٍّ لِأَبٍ‏
Son of a half paternal uncle
‏اِبنَةُ أَخٍ بِالرَّضَاعَةِ‏
Daughter of a brother by suckling
‏اِختُصَ بِالسُّدُسِ‏
Entitled to a share of one-sixth
‏اِختِلَافُ الدَّارَينِ‏
Difference in place of residence
‏اِختِلَافُ الدِّينِ‏
Difference in religion
‏اِشتِرَاكٌ فِي مِيرَاثٍ‏
Co-inheritance
‏الأُختُ مِن أَيِّ الجِهَاتِ‏
Consanguine or uterine sister
‏الأَهلِيَّةُ لِلإِرثِ‏
‏وُجُودُ سَبَبِ الإِرثِ مَعَ عَدَمِ وُجُودِ مَانِعٍ مِن الإِرثِ‏
One's eligibility for inheritance
‏الإِخوَةُ‏
Brothers
‏الإِرثُ بِطَرِيقِ الفَرِيضَةِ‏
‏الفُرُوضُ المُقَدَّرَةُ فِي القُرآنِ , وَهِيَ النِّصفُ وَالرُّبعُ وَالثُّمُنُ‏
Receiving a prescribed share of inheritance
‏الإِنَاثُ‏
Females
‏البَاقِي‏
Rest
‏البَحثُ وَالتَّحَرِّي‏
Search and investigation
‏البِنتُ‏
Daughter of the deceased
‏التَّخَارُجُ‏
‏وَهُوَ أَن يَترُكَ بَعضُ الوَرَثَةِ نَصِيبَهُ مِن التَّرِكَةِ
لِلآخَرِينَ أَو لِبَعضِهِم مُقَابِلَ شَيءٍ مَعلُومٍ مِن التَّرِكَةِ
نَفسِهَا أَو مِن غَيرِهَا‏
Al-Takharuj : Compromise among the inheritors for a sum of money
‏التَّرِكَةُ‏
‏مَا يَترُكُهُ الشَّخصُ بَعدَ مَوتِهِ مِن أَموَالٍ وَحُقُوقٍ‏
Estate
Property
‏التَّصحِيحُ‏
‏أَخذُ سِهَامِ الوَرَثَةِ مِن أَقَلِّ عَدَدٍ يَقسِمُ حِصَصَهُم عَلَيهِم بِدُونِ كَسرٍ‏
Share defragmentation : Distributing the total shares of the estate to the minimum integer that can be divided without fraction
‏التَّقدِيمُ بِقُوَّةِ القَرَابَةِ‏
Giving priority to the nearest relative
‏التَّورِيثُ بِوَصِيَّةٍ‏
Bequeathing
‏الثُّلُثُ‏
One-third
‏الثُّلُثَانِ‏
Two-thirds
‏الجَدُّ البَعِيدُ‏
Distant grandfather
‏الجَدُّ الرَّحِمِيُّ‏
Uterine grandfather
‏الجَدُّ الفَاسِدُ‏
Uterine grandfather
‏الجَدُّ القَرِيبُ‏
Grandfather
‏الجَدُّ وَإِن عَلَا‏
Grandfather of the deceased how so ever high
‏الحَائِلُ‏
‏مَا تَفُوتُ بِهِ أَهلِيَّةُ الإِرثِ مَعَ قِيَامِ سَبَبِهِ وَتَوَفُّرِ شُرُوطِهِ‏
Barrier
Obstacle
‏الحَجبُ‏
Exclusion (of being an heir)
‏الحَجبُ مِن المِيرَاثِ‏
‏مَنعُ شَخصٍ مُعَيَّنٍ مِن كُلِّ مِيرَاثِهِ أَو مِن بَعضِهِ لِوُجُودِ شَخصٍ آخَرَ‏
Exclusion from inheritance : An heir's total or partial exclusion from
the inheritance because of the presence of a certain person
‏الحَوَاشِي‏
Collateral relatives
‏الذُّكُورُ‏
Males
‏الرُّبُعُ‏
One-fourth
Quarter
‏الرَّدُّ‏
‏الرَّدُّ هُوَ إِعَادَةُ مَا فَضَلَ عَن ذَوِي الفُرُوضِ مِن سِهَامِ
التَّرِكَةِ إِلَيهِم بِنِسبَةِ سِهَامِهِم، إِن لَم يَكُن لِلمَيِّتِ
عَاصِبٌ‏
Surplus redistribution [Al-Radd] : If there is something left over of
the estate after the prescribed heirs take their shares, and there is no
agnate heir to take over the remainder portion, this portion is to be
redistributed among the prescribed heirs, each according to his share.
‏السُّدُسُ‏
One-sixth
‏العَصَبَةُ‏
‏هُم قَومُ الرَّجُلِ الَّذِينَ يَتَعَصَّبُونَ لَهُ، وَبَنُو قَرَابَتِهِ لِأَبِيهِ‏
Agnate relatives : Relatives of the father or male side only

‏العَصَبَةُ السَّبَبِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِي نَوعَانٌ عَصَبَةٌ سَبَبُهَا العِتقُ : كُلُّ مَن أَعتَقَ رَقِيقًا
كَانَ لَهُ الوَلَاءُ عَلَيهِ فَهُوَ عَصَبَتُهُ وَلَهُ مِيرَاثُهُ إِن لَم
يَكُن لَهُ وَارِثٌ، وَعَصَبَةٌ سَبَبُهَا العَقدُ‏
Causative relationship : This relationship is of two kinds: a
relationship through emancipation which implies the freed-slave's
loyalty to his emancipator and relationship through a contract of
clientage
‏العَصَبَةُ بِالغَيرِ‏
‏وَهِيَ كُلُّ أُنثَى اِحتَاجَت فِي عُصُوبَتِهَا إِلَى الغَيرِ وَشَارَكَت ذَلِكَ الغَيرَ فِي تِلكَ العُصُوبَةِ‏
Being an agnate relative by the presence of a certain other relative :
This refers to the female heirs with the presence of male ones, chiefly
brothers
‏العَصَبَةُ بِالنَّفسِ‏
‏وَهُوَ كُلُّ قَرِيبٍ مُذَكَّرٍ لَا يَنتَسِبُ لِلمَيِّتِ بِأُنثَى لِوَحدِهَا‏
Being an agnate relative
‏العِلمُ بِجِهَةِ الإِرثِ‏
Knowing the source of inheritance
‏العُمَرِيَّتَانِ‏
‏1- زَوجٌ وَأَبٌ وَأُمٌّ 2- زَوجَةٌ وَأَبٌ وَأُمٌّ‏
Al-`Umariyatan [The Two `Umariyatan] Questions : Two cases; the first of
which involves a husband, a father and a mother; the second involves a
wife, a father and a mother
‏العَولُ‏
‏زِيَادَةُ سِهَامِ الفَرِيضَةِ عَن أَصلِ المَسأَلَةِ‏
Reduction of the heirs' shares
Deficit redistribution
‏الفَرَائِضُ‏
Rules of inheritance
‏الفَرضُ‏
Prescribed share
‏الفَرعُ‏
Descendant of the deceased
‏الفُرُوضُ المُقَدَّرَةٌ‏
‏الَّتِي حَدَّدَهَا الشَّارِعُ لِلوَرَثَةِ‏
Ordained shares
Prescribed shares
‏القَرَابَةُ‏
Kinship
‏القَرَابَةُ الحُكمِيَّةُ‏
Assumptive relationship
‏القَيِّمُ عَلَى التَّرِكَةِ‏
‏القَائِمُ عَلَيهَا‏
Estate administrator
‏الكَلَالَةُ‏
‏مَن لَيسَ بَينَ وَرَثَتِهِ وَلَدٌ وَلَا وَالِدٌ مَن لَيسَ بَينَ
وَرَثَتِهِ فَرعٌ وَارِثٌ مُذَكَّرٌ مَن لَيسَ بَينَ وَرَثَتِهِ فَرعٌ
وَارِثٌ مُؤَنَّثٌ‏
Al-Kalalah : The deceased who leaves neither ascendants nor descendants
‏المَانِعُ‏
‏الحَاجِبُ‏
Impediment : Heir whose presence results in the disinheritance of another
‏المُتَوَفَّى‏
The deceased
‏المَسأَلَةُ الأَكدَرِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: جَدٌّ وَزَوجٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأُختٌ لِأَبٍ أَو لِأَبَوَينِ‏
Al-Akdariyah [Al-Akdariyah] Question : A case involving a grandfather, a husband, a mother and a paternal or full sister

المَسأَلَةُ الثَّلَاثِينِيَّةِ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجَةٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأُختَانِ لِأُمٍّ وَأُختَانِ شَقِيقَتَانِ وَابنٌ قَاتِلٌ‏
Al-Thalathiniyah [The Thirtieth] Question : A case involving a wife, a
mother, 2 uterine sisters, 2 full sisters and a murderer son
‏المَسأَلَةُ الحَجَرِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأَخَوَانِ لِأُمٍّ وَأَخٌ شَقِيقٌ أَو أَكثَرُ‏
Al-Hajariyah [The Rock] Question : A case involving a husband, a mother, 2 uterine brothers and one or more full brothers
‏المَسأَلَةُ الحِمَارِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأَخَوَانِ لِأُمٍّ وَأَخٌ شَقِيقٌ أَو أَكثَرُ‏
Al-Himariyah [The Donkey] Question : A case involving a husband, a mother, 2 uterine brothers and one or more full brothers
‏المَسأَلَةُ الحَمزِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: جَدٌّ وَثَلَاثُ جَدَّاتٍ مُتَحَاذِيَاتٍ وَثَلَاثُ أَخَوَاتٍ مُتَفَرِّقَاتٌ‏
Al-Hamziyah [The Hamziyah] Question : A case involving a grandfather, 3
grandmothers of equal ranks, and 3 sisters of different ranks; full,
paternal and uterine
‏المَسأَلَةُ الخَرقَاءُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: جَدٌّ وَأُمٌّ وَأُختٌ‏
Al-Kharqa' [The Debatable] Question : A case involving a grandfather, a mother and a sister
‏المَسأَلَةُ الدَّاوُدِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: جَدَّةٌ وَزَوجَةٌ وَبِنتَانِ وَاِثنَا عَشَرَ أَخًا وَأُختٌ شَقِيقَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ‏
Al-Dawudiyah [The Dawudiyah] Question : A case involving a grandmother, a wife, 2 daughters, 12 brothers and a full sister
‏المَسأَلَةُ الدِّينَارِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: جَدَّةٌ وَزَوجَةٌ وَبِنتَانِ وَاِثنَا عَشَرَ أَخًا وَأُختٌ شَقِيقَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ‏
Al-Dinariyah [The Dinariyah] Question : A case involving a grandmother, a wife, 2 daughters, 12 brothers and a full sister
‏المَسأَلَةُ الشُّرَيحِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأُختَانِ لِأُمٍّ وَأُختَانِ شَقِيقَتَانِ‏
Al-Shuraihiyah [The Shuriahiyah] Question : A case involving a husband, a mother, 2 uterine sisters and 2 full sisters
‏المَسأَلَةُ العُثمَانِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: جَدٌّ وَأُمٌّ وَأُختٌ‏
Al-`Uthmaniyah [The `Uthmaniyah] Question : A case involving a grandfather, a mother and a sister
‏المَسأَلَةُ العُمَرِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأَخَوَانِ لِأُمٍّ وَأَخٌ شَقِيقٌ أَو أَكثَرُ‏
Al-`Umariyah [The `Umariyah Question] : A case involving a husband, a mother, 2 uterine brothers, and one or more full brothers
‏المَسأَلَةُ الغَرَّاءُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجٌ وَسِتُّ أَخَوَاتٍ مُتَفَرِّقَاتٌ‏
Al-Gharra' [The Glittering] Question : A case involving a husband and 6 sisters of different ranks; full, paternal and uterine
‏المَسأَلَةُ المَأمُونِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: أَبٌ وَأُمٌّ وَبِنتَانِ مَاتَت إِحدَاهُمَا وَخَلَّفَت بَقِيَّةَ هَؤُلَاءِ الوَرَثَةِ‏
Al-Ma'muniyah [The Ma'muniyah] Question : A case involving a father, a
mother and 2 daughters, one of whom is dead leaving the others as heirs
‏المَسأَلَةُ المَالِكِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: جَدٌّ وَزَوجٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأَخَوَانِ لِأُمٍّ وَإِخوَةٌ لِأَبٍ‏
Al-Malikiyah [The Malikiyah] Question : A case involving a grandfather, a
husband, a mother, 2 uterine brothers and paternal brothers
‏المَسأَلَةُ المَروَانِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجٌ وَسِتُّ أَخَوَاتٍ مُتَفَرِّقَاتٌ‏
Al-Marwaniyah [The Marwaniyah] Question : A case involving a husband and
6 sisters of different ranks; full, paternal and uterine
‏المَسأَلَةُ المُسَدَّسَةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: جَدٌّ وَأُمٌّ وَأُختٌ‏
Al-Musaddasah [Hexagonal Question] : A case involving a grandfather, a mother and a sister
‏المَسأَلَةُ المُشتَرَكَةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأَخَوَانِ لِأُمٍّ وَأَخٌ شَقِيقٌ أَو أَكثَرُ‏
Al-Mushtarakah [The Collective] Question : A case involving a husband, a
mother, 2 uterine brothers and one or more full brothers
‏المَسأَلَةُ المُشَرَّكَةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأَخَوَانِ لِأُمٍّ وَأَخٌ شَقِيقٌ أَو أَكثَرُ‏
Al-Musharrakah [The Combined Question] : A case involving a husband, a mother, 2 uterine brothers and one or more full brothers
‏المَسأَلَةُ المِنبَرِيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجَةٌ وَأَبٌ وَأُمٌّ وَبِنتَينِ‏
Al-Minbariyah [The Pulpit] Question : A case involving a wife, a father, a mother and two daughters
‏المَسأَلَةُ اليَمِّيَّةُ‏
‏وَهِيَ: زَوجٌ وَأُمٌّ وَأَخَوَانِ لِأُمٍّ وَأَخٌ شَقِيقٌ أَو أَكثَرُ‏
Al-Yammiyah [the Sea] Question : A case involving a husband, a mother, 2 uterine brothers and one or more full brothers
‏المَسئُولِيَّةُ الجِنَائِيَّةُ‏
Criminal liability
‏المَسَائِلُ الخِلَافِيَّةُ‏
‏هِيَ المَسَائِلُ الَّتِي اِختَلَفَ الفُقَهَاءُ فِي مِقدَارِ نَصِيبِ بَعضِ الوَرَثَةِ فِيهَا‏
Controversial cases : Cases concerning which there is much debate among the jurists
‏المَفقُودُ‏
Lost person
‏المُقَرُّ لَهُ بِالنَّسَبِ‏
One whose blood relationship has been acknowledged by the estate holder
‏المُنَاسَخَةُ‏
‏أَن يَمُوتَ إِنسَانٌ، وَقَبلَ تَقسِيمِ تَرِكَتِهِ يَمُوتُ أَحَدُ وَرَثَتِهِ أَو أَكثَرُ‏
Al-Munasakhah : Redistribution of the estate due to the death of one or more heirs

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